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What is Periodontal Disease?

What is Periodontal Disease?

Healthy gums play a vital part in keeping your teeth healthy by holding them in place.  Periodontal disease is caused by plaque in the gum line that hardens into tartar and infects the gum tissue. Gingivitis, the first stage of periodontal disease, can be identified by red gums that bleed after brushing. If the disease is left untreated, the bones supporting your gums will eventually weaken and tooth loss will occur.

How To Prevent Periodontal Disease

To avoid the disease, you need to take care of your gums with proper brushing, flossing, and regular dentist visits. If periodontal disease is detected, your dentist will remove as much as the tartar as possible so your gums can begin to heal back.

Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease

Signs of periodontal disease can easily be spotted. After you’ve finished brushing and flossing, look for:

  • Redness and color change in your gums.
  • Blood in your floss or toothbrush.
  • Puffy inflamed gums.
  • Bad breath.
  • A metallic taste in your mouth.
  • Very sensitive teeth.

Risk Factors For Periodontal disease 

  • Your Age: Seven out of ten Canadians will have gum disease. Take care of your gums and you won’t be part of the majority.
  • Tobacco Use: Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors in the development of periodontal disease.
  • Your Genetics: You may be predisposed to gum disease.
  • Stress Levels: Periodontal disease is caused by infection, stress can increase the damage caused by infections.
  • Medications: Anti-depressants, oral contraceptives, and some heart medicines can cause periodontal disease.
  • Bruxism: Grinding and clenching your teeth can weaken the gums and supporting tissues.
  • Poor Nutrition: Healthier people often have a stronger immunity that can help ward off the disease.